With funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), ReACH Director, Joel Tsevat MD, MPH and Core Scholar, Erin Finley, PhD, MPD support a project to incorporate patient-reported outcomes into shared decision making with patients living with osteoarthritis of the knee.
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee constitutes a major public health problem. Treatment options for knee OA range from lifestyle changes to pharmacological management to total knee replacement surgery. As a “preference-sensitive” condition, management of OA of the knee is ideally suited for shared decision making (SDM), taking into consideration benefits, risks, and patients’ health status, values, and goals. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) reflect health status from the patient’s perspective. For knee OA, relevant PROs include pain and other symptoms, functional status and limitations, and overall health. Prior research indicates that patients with higher baseline physical function and/or poor baseline mental health do not benefit as much from total knee replacement. Still, due to logistical challenges, costs, and disruptions in workflow, PROs have not yet achieved their full potential in clinical care.
Musculoskeletal providers at Dell Medical School and UT Health Austin currently collect general and condition-specific PROs from every patient seen in their Musculoskeletal Institute. PROs are collected via an electronic interface and results are pulled into the Athena electronic health record (EHR). Given the promise of combining PRO data with clinical and demographic data, musculoskeletal providers at UT Health Austin have begun utilizing an innovative electronic PRO-based predictive analytic tool at the point of care to guide SDM in patients with knee OA. To this point, however, the tool hasn’t been integrated into the EHR and the process hasn’t been integrated seamlessly into clinic workflow. As such, it is not yet ready for dissemination.
In this 2-year effectiveness and implementation (hybrid type 2) project, we plan to: 1) evaluate the clinical effectiveness and impact of the PRO-guided predictive analytic SDM tool and process in a randomized controlled trial in Austin; and 2) implement and evaluate use of the PRO-guided predictive analytic SDM tool and process in San Antonio, a setting with a different level of experience with PROs and SDM, different clinical population, and different EHR. Outcomes will include decision quality, as reported by patients; treatment decision (surgical vs. non-surgical); and stakeholder satisfaction with the tool and SDM process.
Our project contributes to AHRQ’s strategy to use health IT to improve quality and outcomes by evaluating a tool and process for the use of PRO data at the point of care. The model we are testing puts patients at the center of their care by enabling them to participate in informed decision making by using their personal health data, preferences, and prognostic models. Knowledge gained will be critical to scaling and spreading use of this PRO-guided SDM tool among patients with knee OA nationally.
Funder: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (ARHQ)
Project Period: April 2020 – March 2022
- Joel Tsevat, MD, MPH
- Kevin Bozic, MD, MBA, Dell Medical School, University of Texas at Austin